Organic Farming Info
Organic farming is another term for natural farming meaning that instead of working against nature in the farming process, you work with it. There are some fundamental differences between organic farming and conventional farming methods. These differences are mainly around the areas of:
• The intensity of planting or raising animals. Conventional and industrial farming methods demand very large yields from the plants and animals whereas organic farming does expect good yields, it does not demand higher yields than a plant or animal could naturally produce. This is how organic farming has also become know as the ‘slow growing’ movement as everything is given more time to develop and produce than is given by intensive industrial farming methods.
• Replacing organic matter in the ground. In organic farming, as in nature, the organic matter content of the soil is key to the development of good healthy plants and animals. Crop rotation and composting are therefore important components of organic faming. Conventional farming methods demand that farmers get the most out of the land in the short term and often only add in-organic chemicals to the soil in the form of fertilizers which poisons the soil plants and water cycle. In the long term the organic matter in the soil is not replaced and soil organisms die out, and without them the soil structure breaks down and the soil becomes hard, airless and unproductive.
• The method of pest control. The methods of pest control in organic and conventional farming vary dramatically. Organic farmers use crop rotation and complementary planting to decrease pests and often use natural pesticides not made from chemicals on the plants. Whereas, conventional farming usually uses poisonous sprays on the plants. Often these chemical sprays are later banned as unsafe for use on human food. Also, in killing the pest, chemicals also kill its natural predators, making the problem worse and requiring the use of even stronger chemicals in the future.
The organic farmer needs to understand the delicate balance in nature and work with this balance instead of against it. Natural farmers replace organic material in the soil to encourage the growth of micro-organisms which release nutrients needed for healthy plant growth.
Advantages of Organic Farming
Organic Farming Certification and Standards